How to treat Cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis of the liver is expressed in normal cells is replaced with connective tissue. This is due to the complications of certain liver pathologies (cholestasis, hepatitis, etc.). The main symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver – it’s weight loss, fatigue, itching, jaundice, increase in volume of the stomach and so on. How to treat cirrhosis of the liver? Return to normal cells, unfortunately, impossible. Treatment aims to maintain cirrhosis of the liver and eliminate signs of the disease. Radical method – a liver transplant.
Basic principles and guidelines of the following treatments:
- Elimination of the reasons due to which the disease has developed.
The reasons are varied, and therefore the direction of the treatment is different. This can be a refusal of alcohol (in alcoholic cirrhosis), the treatment of viral hepatitis, the abolition of certain medications (at toxic cirrhosis).
- Establishment of a sparing regime.
Since cirrhosis patients quickly get tired, should limit physical activity. With the progression of the disease is shown to bed: horizontal position enhances the blood supply to the liver and activation of regenerative processes.
- Prescription strict diet.
From clean diet smoked, salted, roasted, alcohol. Limit the amount of protein products.
- Drug therapy.
Assign the following groups of products: activating the metabolism of the liver cells;
stabilizing the hepatocyte membrane;
blood substitutes, preparations of blood components, solutions of electrolytes (appointed in hepatic failure, hemorrhagic syndrome, ascites, electrolyte imbalance);
glucocorticoid hormones (appointed on stage compensated viral cirrhosis and biliary in severe diseases of other species).
Against the intoxication therapy.
Apply enzyme preparations and adsorbents to eliminate constipation and diarrheal disorders.
- A liver transplant.
Curable if cirrhosis of the liver? No. Even the transplant does not guarantee full recovery of all the functions. But the observance of all prescriptions the doctor will stop the degenerative process.
Types of liver cirrhosis
To determine how to treat cirrhosis of the liver, it is necessary to find out its causes and, respectively, a cirrhosis. There are several classifications of disease:
- Depending on the origin:
alcoholic cirrhosis (usually develops in people suffering from alcoholism, treatment of alcoholic cirrhosis begins with a complete rejection of alcohol, only on these conditions may occur a marked improvement);
autoimmune cirrhosis (develops due to a malfunction of the immune system that kills its own liver cells, mistaking them for an alien);
toxic liver cirrhosis (developed as a result of poisoning organism toxic substances and drugs);
cirrhosis, triggered by viral hepatitis;
cirrhosis, triggered by metabolic disorders and diseases of the biliary tract (including congenital);
cardiac cirrhosis (another name – stagnant, is caused by insufficient blood flow to heart disease);
cryptogenic cirrhosis (unclear etiology).
- The morphological factors and clinical signs:
CKD cirrhosis of the liver (the most common form of disease, and its other name – portal cirrhosis of the liver; the main factor of development – compression of the branches of the portal vein connective tissue);
SKD cirrhosis (regeneration units – more than three millimeters in diameter);
mixed form of cirrhosis.
- According to clinical data:
This is not a complete list of classifications. The multiplicity of species is linked with the desire to unite the various specialists and clinical prognostic factors. Combine these classifications is impossible, since one and the same disease can cause a variety of changes; and one and the same variant cirrhosis for various diseases possible.
Diagnosis of liver cirrhosis
What are the symptoms of liver cirrhosis? The clinical picture of the disease is quite diverse. Furthermore, in the initial stages the symptoms may not be. Therefore, for an accurate diagnosis, the following studies:
blood chemistry (in cirrhosis indicates elevated levels of bilirubin and liver enzymes);
biopsy (to diagnose a disease in identifying pockets of sprawl on a small area of the connective tissue of the liver).