Health after 30 years old
Each of us wants to preserve the beauty and attractiveness of lifelong learning, and they are known to be directly related to the physical and mental health. The main problems to overtake the women with age – hormonal dysfunction and disorders of the endocrine system, which together with other factors lead to obesity and the development of more serious diseases.
- Adversely affecting the health of poor diet. Typically, 30-year-old woman a lot of work, and therefore do not pay enough attention to the quality of food and diet. Familiar dishes are sandwiches, burgers, fries, washed down with that soft drinks or instant coffee.
- Such products contain a huge amount of carbohydrate, providing a constant stimulus to the pancreas. This often becomes the cause of this terrible disease, like diabetes. Also do not forget that the elevated levels of blood sugar reduces the activity of the immune system.
- No less dangerous for women after 30 years is a trend towards an increase in the use of alcoholic beverages. No wonder all the term “weekend alcoholism” was used more often. Alcohol suppresses the protective function of the body and prevent the formation of new cells.
- Unfortunately, the pace of modern life is not conducive to proper rest. All the less time people assign to sleep, oblivious to the fact that it was during his recovery is an active cell. The unfortunate result of lack of rest is chronic fatigue syndrome, which has become a real scourge of our time. So, in order to be in good shape and maintain the beauty of many years, should follow a few simple rules, discussed in detail in this book. On its pages you will find information on how to organize a proper diet, eating food in a timely manner and to include in the diet as many fruits and vegetables as possible. At the same time to avoid unhealthy foods rich in carbohydrates. This will help avoid the occurrence of many diseases, the most common of which is obesity.
- In addition, the book contains a lot of useful information related to solving problems that beset a woman after 30 years. It also contains recipes of traditional medicine to combat various diseases caused by hormonal imbalances, and given the large number of diets that can help you not only lose weight but also improve your body.
Hormones are one of the most important components of a complex system that is the human body. In recent years, the study of factors associated with hormonal dysfunction, scientists around the world pay much attention. It is not surprising, because, as it turned out, many of the human condition are explained by the level of production of a hormone.
Classification and function of hormones
Hormones – biologically active substances produced by various glands in the body. They can have a huge impact on human life processes and are a necessary component of each of the internal systems. Thus, it hormones controlling function is performed on the human genetic apparatus, moreover, they provide tissue development, adaptation to environmental conditions, the organization of mental activity. Also, the hormones responsible for the reproduction of the human individual and the proper development of his offspring. It should be noted that these substances are effective even in very low concentrations.
Here are the main hormones: adrenaline, angiotensin, gastrin, glucagon, dopamine, insulin, melatonin, oxytocin, secretin, testosterone, thyroxine, estrogen. Some hormones are produced simultaneously in different organs. Thus, insulin is formed not only in the gastrointestinal tract, but also in the central nervous system.
After the release of hormones transported to their destination by different routes, which may be a few thousandths of a millimeter and several tens of centimeters. Usually they are transported through the intracellular or extracellular fluid, and through the other liquids present in the body.
Hormones not only functions differ depending on their type, but also on the localization. Thus, the same hormone can transmit information to the place where it is synthesized, to influence the surrounding tissue by penetrating into the extracellular fluid affect the operation sufficiently distant organs and tissue through the fluid circulating in the body (e.g., blood), affect organs and tissues and thus they cause opposite effects. Surprisingly, the same hormone can cause different reactions, even within a single cell. All depends only on the state of the cells and the hormone concentration.
The hormones differ in their chemical nature, but the mechanisms of their effects on the body are usually similar. For example, all hormonal reactions are the initial, early and late, as a consequence of the actions of any hormone is to intensify the processes of intracellular calcium and energy metabolism, as well as an increase in secretory function. Hormones play an important role in physiological processes. They are dependent on the cycles of sleep and wakefulness, synchronizing daily metabolic processes, the ability to adapt to environmental conditions, as well as the growth rate of the human body.
Basically hormones produced in the thyroid and parathyroid glands, the central nervous system, pineal gland, adrenal gland, adenohypophysis, hypothalamus, kidney, gastrointestinal tract, blood, liver, ovary, testis, placenta. In the body of a healthy person is synthesized as much as is necessary for its normal functioning. Therefore man does not need to obtain external hormones. Reception preparations containing hormones can cause dysfunction and lead to serious consequences. That’s why these funds must appoint a physician.
Closely examine and describe the hormones began in the early XX century, after scientists were able to establish a structure catecholamines. Soon it was to study the structure of sex hormones, the process of classification of steroids. Later, researchers found cortisol structure, testosterone, estrogen, progesterone, and adrenal androgens. Insulin from the group of peptides was studied first. Hormones are classified by their synthesis site in the body. However, this is not always convenient, because some of them are produced in one gland and secreted into the blood in the other. Attempts to classify the hormones according to their chemical nature. In this case, different protein and peptide derived from amino acid, steroid and eicosanoids. For protein and peptide groups are the hormones of the pituitary and hypothalamus, such as growth hormone, corticotrophin, thyrotropin, thyroliberin, somatoliberin, somatostatin, etc. Also, this group includes the pancreatic hormone -. Insulin and glucagon.
A group of hormones that are derivatives of amino acids (mostly tyrosine amino acids), include low molecular compounds such as adrenaline and noradrenaline, which are produced in the adrenal medulla, as well as thyroid hormones (thyroxine and its derivatives).
The group of liposoluble include steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex – corticosteroids, sex hormones, such as androgens and estrogens, and hormonal form of vitamin D.
Eicosanoids – a hormone-like substances that have a local impact. They are derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids and arachidonic divided into three subclasses: thromboxanes, prostaglandins and leukotrienes. These unstable compounds are insoluble in water. They have an effect on cells located near the site of their synthesis.
- Currently, it is proved that the hormones affect many factors everyday life. They are dependent on mood, well-being and, as a result, stability and success in the work. It hormones affect the process of human thought to be responsible for many of the actions, as well as emotions such as love, hate and fear. These substances regulate the growth of the human body, provoking many physiological needs, such as hunger.
- According to some scientists, it is based on the hormonal balance of form habits and character of the individual. In our time, science knows 150 hormones. However, scientists have suggested that this figure is not final, and in fact there are many more. The mechanism of action of hormones is identical – they operate with the help of receptors through which cells transmit information to authorities. Produces hormones endocrine glands and basically move through the circulatory system.
- Thus, the sex organs produce male and female steroids, pancreas – insulin, which occurs due to the regulation of the process of sugar levels in the blood, and the adrenal gland – epinephrine, which is a stress hormone.
- There are hormones that affect the behavior and emotional state. For example, progesterone (hormone) has a sedative effect, cortisol is necessary in stressful situations, and serotonin helps to improve mood. Hormonal imbalance may be caused by many reasons. Thus, employment of the endocrine glands, and hence the level of synthesis of hormones affect genetic predisposition, and hence a reduced or increased level of production of a hormone may be inherited. But in addition to hormones has a great influence and lifestyle of the individual. An important role is played here by exercise, diet, positive and negative emotions and stress. For example, it is known that overweight people is increased estrogen levels in the blood significantly.
genes are often complex interaction occurs in the human body, hormones and external factors. For many women after 30 years, gradually begins to increase cortisol blood. At the time of menopause, its concentration is the same as in people with pronounced depression. However, not all women are affected. To it has developed, we have to work several factors – genetic predisposition, and psychological trauma, such as those associated with growing up in divorce or children who become independent, leaving the home.
- The first major hormonal changes in the human body due to the process of puberty. Science still unclear what mechanism starts to act on the eighth year of life and leads to the fact that the hypothalamus region of the brain stimulates increased synthesis of sex hormones. According to one theory, the starting point for this process is the accumulation of the body a certain amount of fat. During puberty teens unstable psyche. The boys traced aggression, their character becomes more decisive, because of elevated blood hormone testosterone. Girls are going through mood swings, under the responsibility of the hormone estradiol.
In the future, sex hormones are having an increasing impact on the emotional sphere of the individual. They are responsible for the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, they determine the attractiveness of a person.
- The hormone oxytocin is produced only in the female body. Especially high concentration in the blood of nursing mothers. Not so long ago, scientists discovered that this substance has a huge impact on the harmony in the marital relationship. High concentrations of this hormone makes women docile and cheerful, they become more sensitive to others.
Progress of the child at school also largely dependent on hormones. It is proved that a large number of receptors in the brain Ostrog beneficial effect on the child’s ability to learn, and with a decrease in the hormones T3 and T4 in blood, which are synthesized by the thyroid gland and regulate the process of energy metabolism in the body, in children can reduce the ability to concentrate.
- Male hormone testosterone is responsible for professional success. With age, its level in the blood is reduced, but the body quickly gets used to the changes. However, in the process, reduced bone and muscle mass, as well as libido.
The mechanism of action of hormones
Thus, hormones – substances that are the product of secretion of the glands of the endocrine system and other organs, which are released directly into the bloodstream and have a high physiological activity. Hormones are carried by the bloodstream to specific organs, which under the influence of significant physiological changes occur. The same hormone may simultaneously affect several organs. Some of them only operate in conjunction with each other. For example, growth hormone does not work apart from thyroid hormone. At the cellular level or hormones act via cell membrane receptors (which relates to water soluble hormone) or the receptors through cell cytoplasm (if soluble hormones). Hormone on cell reacts only to a substance when it is sensitive to it.
Factors that contribute to hormonal imbalance and lead to obesity in women after 30 years
Each person has a unique, individual set of genes that determines its appearance, including the ratio of height and weight. So, if all family members are distinguished by short stature and stocky build, it is unlikely that all of a sudden there will be a graceful long-legged fairy. Although, of course, there are exceptions, and the genotype may suddenly present an unexpected surprise. Concerns about a woman of any age should cause a sharp fluctuations in weight, and a gradual but relentless weight gain. The reason for this may be a poor diet, which eventually leads to a hormonal imbalance. However, before you go on a diet, you should consult endocrinologist.
In most cases, the root cause of obesity is an unhealthy lifestyle, which has recently become very typical for urban residents. A sedentary lifestyle and a minimum of physical activity leads to the fact that the energy generated by the body as a result of food processing is not used, but “stored” in the body as fat. Chronic overeating leads to disturbances in the functioning of the appetite center, which is in the brain. The next step is a violation of lipid metabolism, and later metabolism.
Experts cite several reasons that lead to obesity. First and foremost is a hormonal imbalance that can be caused pathology of one of the glands of the endocrine system or changes induced in it by various reasons. Very often, the problem of excess weight observed in women with diabetes, diseases of the genital glands, or adrenal glands, as well as some brain diseases, such as eg hypothalamic syndrome. It should be noted that in such cases, the fat is deposited on the body in a special way – male pattern. At the same time the most on his stomach, chest and face.
With the progression of the disease can vary secondary sexual characteristics – voice coarsens, the body appears to vegetation, there are menstrual irregularities. The reason to seek help from a doctor should be all of the following symptoms: the appearance of acne, reducing the volume of hair on the head, increased abdominal fat, the appearance of vegetation on the body, changes in the menstrual cycle. They may point to excess testosterone – the male hormone. In case of violation of the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) symptoms such as constant chills, brittle nails and hair, the appearance of fat deposits in the buttocks and abdomen, excessive dryness of the skin. The thyroid gland regulates the rate of the metabolic processes in the body, so if its activity is reduced, a person’s weight increases. Moreover, obesity may be a cause of intake of certain medications, such as antidepressants, oral contraceptives and hormone steroids.
Often obesity begins due to excessive addiction to food (morbid obesity). Regular violation of the diet leads to disruption of the lipid metabolism.