Characteristics of kidney disease
Kidneys are vital organs so any change in their functions affect the health of the whole organism. Symptoms of kidney disease may be both general and local.
Most kidney diseases are characterized by the following symptoms:
- general weakness, malaise, fatigue,
- appetite loss,
- morning swelling, especially in the eyelids,
- high blood pressure,
- chills and fever,
- pale skin.
Among the local symptoms should note the following:
- low back pain from injury or both sides,
- redness of the skin over the projection of the kidneys,
- bulging in the lumbar region,
- changes in urine: excretion of bloody urine (hematuria), changing its color (cloudy, brownish, deep yellow or weakly concentrated)
- frequent urination,
- uncomfortable pain or burning during urination.
- Sometimes there may be symptoms of kidney disease, specific to a particular disease.
Important: If you have any of these symptoms, immediately consult a doctor. Kidney disease can lead to serious consequences.
The main manifestation of urolithiasis is a renal colic. It is an acute condition, forcing patients to immediately seek medical attention. Renal colic is the result of a discharge of stones from the renal pelvis, ureter which seals the wound and its wall. Urinary tract begin to decline strongly, trying to remove the obstacle. As a result of disrupted the flow of urine, the nerve endings in the walls of the ureter and renal pelvis are irritated, so signs of kidney disease in this case is difficult to confuse with other diseases:
- Very strong acute pain in the lower back cramping in nature;
- pain spread from the lumbar region of the ureter into the lower part of the abdomen, genitals (scrotum in men, labia in women), and inner thighs.
An important but not the only sign of urolithiasis is a pain in the kidneys: the symptoms of the disease concerned and the general well-being. At the time of renal colic sick person can not find a comfortable position, “torn” in bed or walks from corner to corner. The pain can be severe and even unbearable, so there is a feeling of fear. Sometimes, increased body temperature, blood pressure. There may be nausea and even vomiting, dizziness. Reduced amount of urine, frequent urge to urinate. Urine may have a greater concentration and admixture of blood. At the end of the renal colic, which can last a few minutes or hours allocated small stones and sand.
Various microorganisms that enter the blood or urinary tract, causing inflammation of the kidneys: the symptoms of inflammatory diseases are very similar to symptoms of other infectious diseases:
- fever, chills,
- headache, fatigue,
- loss of appetite.
When pyelonephritis usually sore left or right kidney, that is usually an inflammatory process is localized on one side. But it could be a two-way inflammation. Thus kidney swells, expands, resulting in a stretchable renal capsule. Nerve endings that are in it, injured, causing pain. Soreness in inflammation of the kidneys can have an indefinite aching in nature. The patient feels discomfort or heaviness in the lower back. If pyelonephritis is the result of lower urinary tract infection, the symptoms of kidney disease include frequent urination, accompanied by sharp pain and burning.
Symptoms of glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis is infectious and allergic disease with an autoimmune component, therefore, considered to be the main common symptoms of kidney disease. There are several forms of glomerulonephritis, but virtually all the blood appears in the urine, and in the acute phase of urine can completely cease (anuria). Also in the urine, a large number of white blood cells and protein. This disease is characterized by failure of both kidneys at once.
At a glomerulonephritis arise not only kidney problems: common symptoms are accompanied by metabolic disorders. Altered water-electrolyte balance, impaired excretion of fluids and salts, so developing severe hypertension. Because of the large protein loss in the urine occur until the massive swelling dropsy (anasarca). The liquid may propotevat in the abdominal and chest cavity into the pericardial sac. In severe cases, pulmonary edema and brain. Local symptoms, in contrast, unobtrusive. Patients can not feel pain, and changes in urination.
It is worth noting that in inflammatory diseases often hurts right kidney. This is due to the blood supply and location.