Analyzes for human
In order to timely and accurately identify the disease and prescribe the right treatment – doctors use a comprehensive approach to diagnosis. One of the most important elements of this complex is the analysis. This method is based on the fact that in a healthy organism, all systems are functioning normally. If there was a failure of a functional organ or system, it will be clearly seen in the biomaterial derived from a patient.
What help identify analyzes?
Each disease has its own symptoms and the clinical picture of the disease. But the diagnosis is usually complicated by the fact that:
- Many diseases are latent, asymptomatic, with no specific symptoms or pain
- The symptoms of various diseases may be similar
- There are a number of ailments that can not be detected by visual inspection
- From the foregoing it follows that the delivery of biomaterial needed to confirm the diagnosis or physician to diagnose problems in asymptomatic disease. Often one analysis is the basis for the appointment of a number of additional laboratory tests.
As an example, you can use the common case. Man a long period of time feels bad, feels weakness, dizziness, sleep problems and appetite, it decreases performance. In order to prescribe treatment, the doctor at the first stage requires complete blood count, which shows the primary problem – for example, lowered hemoglobin.
What is important to know each person?
There is no such kind of laboratory tests, which could be considered universal and to identify any existing pathology of the body. Each type of analysis has a specific purpose. For example, biochemical blood analysis provides information on the functioning of many internal organs, but there is no direct information on infectious diseases. To determine the infection further serological blood tests are carried out, using additional laboratory tests.
A dangerous misconception is that if a person does not experience any adverse symptoms, special investigations required. This is not true. As already mentioned above, many diseases occur in a latent form. Therefore, even healthy people need regular checkups, which include complete blood and urine sampling.
What types of analyzes exist?
General blood analysis. The most common type. Appointed in various surveys to track the dynamics of the disease and the effectiveness of the therapy, as well as for the diagnosis of diseases of the blood. Check the proper functioning of the kidneys and liver. It helps identify inflammatory processes.
Blood chemistry. It is widely used for the diagnosis of conditions and functions of the kidneys and the liver, the gastrointestinal tract. It helps identify rheumatoid process. It displays the balance of trace elements and water-salt metabolism. It is an aid for setting an accurate diagnosis, prescription and treatment adjustment, determining the stage of disease.
General urine analysis. Appointed to assess the state of the kidneys and urinary system. Detection of inflammatory processes in the kidneys and bladder. Often assigned in addition to the general analysis of blood, to get a complete picture of the functioning of various body systems. It is the first step to determine the purpose and further laboratory studies
General analysis of feces (coprogram). It is used to study the status and functioning of the digestive system. It helps to identify diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, gallbladder, pancreas. Identifies helminths, intestinal giardia and other parasites.
Semen analysis (semen). Appointed for the diagnosis of male in the pair, unable to conceive a child. Also appointed men after vasectomy to determine the success of the procedure. It specifies the properties of sperm quantity, mobility, structure.
Analysis of the bacteriological seeding. Expensive, time-consuming, while possessing high efficiency and accuracy. It allows with 100% certainty to determine the presence of bacteria in the body. The material is placed in a favorable environment to detect the presence of pathogenic organisms. Able to confirm the presence of a variety of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, such as staphylococci, streptococci, enterobacteria.
skin scrapings. Take for further microscopic examination in the diagnosis of various dermatological diseases. It is used for the diagnosis of demodectic mange (a disease caused by microscopic mites).
Swabs from the vaginal and urethral swab. Needed for microscopic examination of microflora. Appointed for the diagnosis of urogenital infections.
Fence at home biomaterials
The possibilities of modern clinics and laboratories (the presence of special tools and containers) allow you to collect material for the studies in health care facilities, and home patients. In this case, the client leaves a nurse and holds all the procedures.